Child Soldiers - Practice, Law and Remedies

As many as fifty non-state armed groups (NSAGs) in countries such as Afghanistan, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Libya, Mali, Pakistan, the Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Thailand and Yemen are engaged in the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict. In Somalia, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen the situation continues to be perilous, with many hundreds of children recruited, used, killed and maimed. Children have been used by the NSAGs as executioners and suicide bombers. By an estimate, there are 300,000-350,000 child soldiers worldwide and the alarming trend continues to grow. According to the United Nations, there has been a fivefold increase in the number of children recruited in a few ongoing armed conflicts. 

This book gives an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of the recruitment and use of child soldiers worldwide; and examines the (in) adequacy of international institutions and laws in protecting children. It is an invaluable resource for anyone interested or working in the field of protecting children: teachers, students, lawyers, government officials, military and police personnel, researchers and human rights activists.

Vij Books
  • Pages: 304
  • 9789386457523 • HARDBACK • Jan 2018 • Rs.995
  • 9789386457530 • PAPERBACK • Jun 2018 • Rs.595
  • 9789386457547 • EBOOK • Feb 2018 • Rs.595
  • Subjects: International Law, Human Rights
  • Child Soldiers - Practice, Law and Remedies
author details

Dr U C Jha is an independent researcher. He has an extensive academic experience in the fields of military law, international humanitarian law and human rights laws. He has been teaching these subjects for more than a decade and is a resource person for the United Service Institution of India, New Delhi. He has served in the Indian Air Force for 24 years. He obtained a Ph D degree in Law and Governance from Jawaharlal Nehru University, where his dissertation was on the Indian Military Justice System. He also holds master's degree in law, life sciences, business administration, and defence and strategic studies; with post-graduate diplomas in environmental laws, intellectual property laws, and international humanitarian law, refugee law and human rights laws.

1 Introduction
2 Child Soldiers: Worldwide
3 Grave Violations against Children in Armed Conflict
4 Child Soldiers and International Law
5 Prosecution under International Criminal Law
6 Looking Ahead

A. The 1997 Cape Town Principles
B. The 2007 Paris Commitments to Protect Children from Unlawful Recruitment or Use by Armed Forces or Armed Groups
C. The Paris Principles 248
D. The UN Convention on the Rights of Child, 1989
E. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
F. Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
G. The 1977 Additional Protocol I to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949
H. The 1977 Additional Protocol II to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949
I. Customary International Humanitarian Law 261
J. African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
K. The Security Council Resolution
L. Action Plan: How to End the Recruitment and use of Children in Armed Conflict
M. The Kathmandu Declaration on the Use of Children as Soldiers
N. Amman Declaration on the use of Children as Soldiers