Strategic Yearbook 2019

There is a widespread perception amongst the intelligentsia that India lacks strategic culture. In our view, the deficiency if any perhaps lies in our reluctance to articulate our perceptions on strategic issues, as also to formulate a long-term strategic view. As the oldest think tank in Asia, USI decided to address the above issue and how we could contribute to the evolution and dissemination of strategic thought on challenges facing the Nation. To this end, for the last three years, USI has continuously published three 'Strategic Year Books”, which have been widely received and appreciated for its quality and contents.
This current issue of the Year Book contains series of articles by eminent experts on various aspects of National Security; National Security Overview, Internal Security Environment, Pakistan-China Strategic Challenge, India's Strategic Neighbourhood, and National Security Capacity Building. The aim is to provide a strategic perspective, which will create awareness and also help the policymakers in giving a strategic direction for India to transform into a developed society and a secured nation. We hope that readers will find this publication useful and interesting. We would welcome suggestions for improvement of subsequent issues.

Vij Books
  • Pages: 268
  • 9789388161534 • HARDBACK • May 2019 • Rs.1850
  • 9789388161558 • EBOOK • Jun 2019 • Rs.995
  • Subjects:
  • Strategic Yearbook 2019
author details

Bal Krishan Sharma,AVSM, SM** (Retd), the Deputy Director Research and Head of Center for Strategic Studies and Simulation at United Service Institution of India (USI), New Delhi. He specialises in Strategic Net Assessments, Scenario Building and Gaming.



Dr Roshan Khanijo is a Senior Research Fellow and Research Co-coordinator at the Centre for Strategic Studies and Simulation (CS3), United Service Institution of India (USI), New Delhi. Her academic qualification includes BSc, MA and Ph.D. She is a strategic analyst. Her areas of focus are Security, Nuclear Issues, Indo-Pacific Region, Niche technologies and South Asia.

She has authored and edited books, monographs and occasional papers. Some of them are Complexities and Challenges of Nuclear India, Indo-Pacific Region Security Dynamics and Challenges, Nuclear Security Summit –The Challenge Continues, China’s Military Modernisation; etc. She was the editor of USI’s digital magazine ‘Strategic Perspective’ and is the Co-Editor of the USI Strategic Year Book.

She has been a panellist in number of national and international workshops/Seminars and presented paper in CIISS (China Institute for International Strategic Studies), Beijing, CICIR (China Institute of Contemporary International Relations) Beijing, Research Institute for National Security Affairs (RINSA), South Korea etc.



Lt Gen PK Singh, PVSM, AVSM, a former Army Commander of the Indian Army, is presently the Director of the United Service Institution of India. He is a member of the Governing Council of the Indian Council of World Affairs, New Delhi, and also member of the International Advisory Board of the RUSI International, London.

Foreword xi
The Year Book 2019 – At a Glance 

Section I: National Security Overview
1. Security Strategies for India as an Emerging Regional Power with Global Ambitions by Shri Shivshankar Menon, IFS (Retd)
2. India’s National Security Objectives : Challenges and Opportunities by Admiral Arun Prakash, PVSM, AVSM, VrC, VSM (Retd)

Section II: Internal Security Environment
3. Kinetic Successes in Kashmir Leave Vast Well of Public Anger Unaddressed by Prof David Devadas
4. Assessment of Insurgency in Manipur and Recommendations for Conflict Resolution by Lt Gen (Dr) K Himalay Singh, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, YSM (Retd)
5. Illegal Implementation, Update of National Register of Citizens in Assam and its Security Implications by Mr Jitesh Khosla, IAS (Retd)
6. Emergence of Crypto Currency and its Impact on India’s Financial Security by Col Satish Chandra Tyagi (Retd)

Section III: Pakistan-China Strategic Challenge
7. Evolving Geopolitical Developments in China : Implications for India by Maj Gen Bal Krishan Sharma, AVSM, SM & Bar (Retd)
8. Doctrinal Shift : Decoding China’s Way of War Fighting by Maj Gen (Dr) GG Dwivedi, SM, VSM & Bar (Retd)
9. Decoding Chinese Strategy of Combating Three Evils by Maj Gen SB Asthana, SM, VSM (Retd)
10. From Zheng He to ‘Gung-Ho’: Implications and Responses to China’s Indian Ocean Region Strategies by Rear Adm Sudharshan Y. Shrikhande, AVSM (Retd)
11. Unravelling Naya Pakistan: Implications for India by Shri Tilak Devasher

Section IV: India’s Strategic Neighbourhood 99
12. India’s Neighbourhood First Initiative : Hits, Misses and the Way Ahead by Prof Sukh Deo Muni
13. An Appraisal of India’s Connect Central Asia Policy and Need for Recalibration by Prof Nirmala Joshi
14. India-Iran : Way Forward after the U.S. Sanctions by Shri Sanjay Singh, IFS (Retd)
15. Reengaging with India’s Neighbour — Maldives by Maj Gen Rakesh Pratap Singh Bhadauria, VSM (Retd)
16. India-Japan Strategic Convergence by Cdr Subhasish Sarangi
17. India’s Engagement with the Great Powers : Emerging Paradigms by Shri Asoke Kumar Mukerji, IFS (Retd)

Section V: National Security Capacity Building 143
18. Developments in India’s National Security Architecture and Way Ahead by Maj Gen Rajiv Narayanan, AVSM, VSM (Retd)
19. India’s Strategic Culture and Use of Force in Furtherance of National Interests by Lt Gen Navkiran Singh Ghei, PVSM, AVSM & Bar (Retd)
20. A Review of Infrastructure Development in India’s Northern Borders by Lt Gen Arun Kumar Sahni, PVSM, UYSM, SM, VSM (Retd)
21. Optimising India’s Military through Transformation : Intelligence Driven Effectiveness in the Changing Security Environment by Lt Gen Ghanshyam Singh Katoch, PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)
22. Towards Enhancing India’s Aerospace Capability by Air Cmde (Dr) Ashminder Singh Bahal, VM (Retd)
23. Transformation of India as a Maritime Power by Vice Adm Satish Soni, PVSM, AVSM, NM (Retd)
24. Agni I to VI – Not Just a Number Game by Lt Gen (Dr) VK Saxena, PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)
25. Emerging Niche Technologies in the Nuclear Domain by Dr Roshan Khanijo
26. Indigenisation of Defence Manufacturing in India : Participation of Private Sector by Lt Gen Subrata Saha, PVSM, UYSM, YSM, VSM & Bar (Retd)
27. Reforming the Police : A Necessary Condition for Robust National Security by Shri Jayanto Narayan Choudhury, IPS (Retd)
28. Information Strategy for India : A Conceptual Approach by Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM & Bar (Retd)
29. Use of Technology to Counter Modern Terrorism by Brig Narender Kumar, SM, VSM (Retd)
30. Mending India’s Civil Military Relations by Lt Gen Prakash Menon, PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)